Pototan is a first class municipality located 29 kilometers north of Iloilo Provincial Capitol, Iloilo City.It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Dingle, on the South by the municipality of Zarraga on the east by the municipality of Barotac Nuevo and on the west by the by the municipality of MIna and is strategically located in Central Iloilo.
Composed of 50 barangays, Pototan has a total land area of 9,710.17 hectares, 85 % of which is used for Agriculture, the municipality’s main industry. Dubbed as the “Rice Granary of Iloilo”, it also produces corn, tobacco, sugar cane, root crops, fruits, vegetables and other farm crops that provide food and income to its people. Year round agriculture production is made possible through the Jalaur- Suague irrigation system. Transporting of farm produce to the new town market is made easy by feeder roads that link the different barangays to the town poblacion while the infrastructure of provincial road network has made Pototan accessible to all forms of land transportation from all points of Panay. Besides Agriculture , cottage industries such as pottery making. sawali making, basket weaving, mat making, loom weaving, and poultry and livestock raising looms in the municipality.
Pototan is home to more or less 62, 517 people who trace their ancestry to Datu Ramon, grandson of Datu Puti, leader of the ten (10) Bornean Datus who fled their land to escape the tyranny of Sultan Makatunaw. The town has one of the lowest population density with 6 persons.
The municipality of Pototan started at Brgy. Naslo where the family of Datu Ramon, grandson of Datu Puti who leader the Bornean datus who landed in Panay from Borneo, settled. A luxuriant growth of “Putat: trees led to its being called “kaputatan”. When the family of Datu Ramon moved nearer the bank of the Suage River, the name “Kaputatan” became Pototan.
In 1874, the Pototanons were given the opportunity to run their political affairs. Juan Marcelo has the distinction of being the first Capitan Municipal. When the Americans came, the title Capitan Municipal was changed to Presidente Municipal. Tan Amoy was the first to hold the title. When the Philippine Constitution was ratified in 1935, Presidente Municipal was changed to Municipal Mayor. The first Municipal Mayor was Fernando Parcon, Mariano Peñaflorida subsequently became, Iloilo Provincial Governor. During the Japanese Occupation, Tomas Ferrariz , although maligned by his townmates for serving the puppet government, secretly helped save the lives of many Pototanons.
The longest serving Mayor was Mayor Manuel “Quedo” Parcon. Considered the region’s political “Kingmaker. He was much loved and respected by Pototanons..
The incumbent Mayor, Mayor Pablo Perez is no stranger to politics. His late father , Mayor Florentino Perez was most productive during his term. Most of the structures within and around the beautiful Pototan Plaza was constructed during his incumbency as Mayor.
The town has one of the highest literacy rates in the province at 98.5 %. It boasts of 1 state college the West Visayas State University – Pototan Campus, 5 public secondary schools – The Pototan National Comprehensive High School, the Jamabalud National High School, the Jose Facultad Memorial National High School in Bgy. Tuburan, the Palanguia National High School, and the Alberto Sorongon Sr. Memorial National High School. Two private secondary schools- The Colegio Inmaculada Concepcion and the West Visayan Academy are also found in the municipality. They also offer elementary education.
Pototan has 28 public elementary schools equally divided into two districts, District I and District II.
A library – museum is found at the Pototan Public Plaza.
Pototan is the site of the Iloilo Provincial Hospital.The Western Visayas Medical Center- Mental Health Unit is affiliated with the IIPH. There is also a Western Visayas Regional Rehabilitation Center, 1 Rural Health Center ,23 Barangay Health Centers, 20 private medical and dental clinics.3 private laboratory and X-ray clinics and 2 physical therapy clinics.
SPORTS AND RECREATION
Pototan has the highest astrodome in the whole Panay. It provides a venue for sports, cultural and educational activities. The Tirador Sports Complex, the Gregorio Cordero Sports Complex and the WVSU – PC Covered Gym provides the same services. All barangays of the municipality have basketball courts while football and softball are played at the Pototan public plaza and the WVSU-PC athletic grounds. Cockfighting afficionados troop to the Gallera de Pototan especially May 8 of every year when the town celebrates its annual fiesta.
The Pototan Public Plaza is one of the cleanest and the greenest in the province. Stately mahogany and trees provide color and tranquility to promenaders. The plaza contains an obelisk that pays tribute the common tao heroes, WW II freedom fighter and national heroes. A man made lagoon with fountains that reflect mulyi-colored lights as attractions during Christmas Lights Festival (IWAG) in December. Like a mushroom rising above the trees, the Pototan AStrodome is also a sight to behold. The Roman Catholic Cemetery and the Metanoia Hill at Bgy, Amamaros donot only appeal to the religious nature of Pototanons- they are also tourist attractions in themselves.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
Agriculture is the livelihood of Pototan. The economy of the municipality is further boosted by its thriving 907 commercial centers and 2 public markets serve the town and nearby municipalities.There are piggeries and ricemills to ensure adequate supply of rice in the municipality.
The public market occupies more or less five hectares lot situated at the outskirt of the municipality. The commercial business district serves the entire citizenry and the people of the neighboring towns namely, Dingle and in the North, Barotac Nuevo to Dumangas in the East and Mina, Badiangan and Janiuy in the West. Tuesdays and Fridays are the market days of the town. The market is provided with garbage receptacles/facilities as well as adequate supply of water for cleaning purposes and for maintaining the sanitation of the vicinity. Trash receptacles are available for the vendors and market goers. It has a well-kept public toilet . A modern slaughterhouse caters to the butchering of hogs and cattles . The water used passes through the treatment pond where it is treated before the water flows finally to the river. A biogas digester was installed to utilize the waste for the methane gas to used in scalding bat of butchered pigs. A drainage and sewerage system is provided so that sanitation will be maintained.